GC8RN6C-#5 PR3-MAC - SOS5 - MEIOS AÉREOS
The origin of the toponym Carvoeiro is not yet properly clarified. While some authors defend the derivation of the name of unexplored coal deposits that exist underground, others defend the origin of the toponym trees in large quantities as cork oaks.
It is a very old village, and from an early age it was one of the oldest in the region, together with Amêndoa and Belver, dating back to the principle of nationality around 1194. In this region there were found traces of a castro, and in Senhora da Moita there was a large estate from which stands out a well preserved pottery vase and Roman tiles thinking that here there was a Roman settlement and nearby a large temple dedicated to Jupiter.
After the Afonsina reconquest, D. Sancho I encouraged the occupation of the lands by donating them. The domain of the village later passes to the jurisdiction of the Maltese order. This is why the parish coat of arms bears the cross of the Order of Malta in chief.
In 1464, Carvoeiro obtained a neighbourly charter, issued by Afonso V, which allowed him some freedom to trade with neighbouring towns. In 1518 he had his charter issued by D. Manuel. In ecclesiastical terms, and almost like the whole region, he belonged to the priory of Crato. The seat of the municipality, Carvoeiro drew obvious benefits from it.
During the French invasions, although it was not invaded, the parish of Carvoeiro served as a refuge for neighbouring towns fleeing from Junot's troops.
Geologically, this is an area where layers of grey shales, usually rolled, interspersed with fine quartzite benches, emerge. The quartzite is impure and has a lenticular development, with clear erosive bases. The top of the quartzite benches usually has sedimentary structures associated with the oscillation of the current.
This association of lithologies indicates, in general, deposition on a continental platform where the decantation processes prevailed, namely, when the fine materials were sedimented. However, the impure quartzite and sedimentary structures, which they contain, are related to large waves of storms, where dynamic conditions with high energy prevailed.
Thus, we would have a basin with deposition of fine materials by decanting processes and, occasionally, there would be currents with higher energy that would deposit sediments that would originate the quartzite.
N 39º 37' 22.141'' W 7º 55' 23.941''
© Rotas de Mação | Developed by InfoPortugal